We all feel anxiety in feared or difficult situations and it usually goes away when the situation changes or we leave it. Sometimes the fear or panicky feeling stays and we experience physical symptoms such as heart beating, sweating or butterflies in our tummy or, we may worry excessively and feel stressed or anxious.


Sufferers from Agoraphobia may experience intense fear in situations such as: being far from home, being alone or far from help, in crowded places such as supermarkets, on buses or trains etc. This can result in a restricted lifestyle with sufferers possibly becoming housebound or dependent on others if the anxieties are not addressed.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a psychological talking therapy that is short term, problem and goal focussed. It is based on the idea that it is not the events that make us depressed or anxious, but the way we think about them. CBT helps us become more aware of thinking patterns and behaviours which impact on our feelings and helps us to make changes.


Depression can affect any of us at any time in life. Most of us have felt low, fed up or miserable and usually this doesn’t last longer than a week or two and often the reasons are clear. However, if this feeling lasts longer, if it worsens, and if it starts to dominate our life, it may be referred to as depression. It may be classified as mild, moderate or severe depression. Some of the common symptoms of depression are having little interest or pleasure in doing things, feeling down, depressed or helpless, finding it hard to concentrate and make decisions, not coping with stresses you used to cope with, thinking negatively, feeling tired all the time and having difficulties sleeping.


Hoarding is a condition where sufferers have excessive collections of objects and/or a tendency to save information or things. They also have difficulty in getting rid of these items. This results in a cluttered living space and causes distress to themselves or those around them and impairs the person from being able to function in their home.


This is an interaction between a hypnotist and a person, i.e. you, to influence your perceptions, feelings, thinking and behaviour. This is done by asking you to concentrate on ideas and images and using suggestions and techniques to help bring about the intended effects. When you respond to these ‘’hypnotic’’ suggestions they appear to you as being effortlessness and involuntary. You can learn to go through the hypnotic procedure on your own (self-directed self-hypnosis) or through a recording or programme (audio-taped self-hypnosis) like an app!


This term is often used when referring to Hypnosis. However, strictly speaking ‘’Hypnotherapy’’ isn’t an accurate term. The best way to think of hypnosis is to think of it as a process (an interaction) that is applied in a specific context or situation (see Hypnosis). So, hypnosis can be applied in a medical context, a dental situation, and also applied in psychology and various therapies. This applying of hypnosis has been shown in studies to lead to better results in various applied settings. So, hypnosis isn’t a therapy on its own – it’s like an application tool!


Panic is an intense feeling of fear that comes on suddenly causing extreme bodily discomfort such as heart pounding, shortness of breath or chest pains. These are some examples of physical symptoms of anxiety.

Phobias (Simple)

Many of us experience some fear of some things, however, when this becomes distressing and causes us to avoid doing things or we develop other ways to avoid the objects of our fear, this is a phobia. Examples of phobias are intense fear of spiders, snakes, insects, animals, thunderstorms etc.


There are many forms of meditation. Mediation can be seen as the practice of developing focus and awareness in the pursuit of inner calm and consciousness. It is promoted to help reduce stress and to develop well-being.


Mindfulness is the practice of staying in the present moment and not trying to change thoughts or feelings but just to notice or observe them. Jon Kabat Zinn who developed the western practice of Mindfulness defines it as ‘paying attention is a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment and non-judgmentally’. It has a growing research base of its effectiveness particularly for reducing stress, managing pain and preventing relapse in depression.

Obsessive Compulsive disorder (OCD)

When someone has Obsessive Compulsive Disorder they experience either, obsessions or compulsions or both, which are distressing to them and affect their everyday functioning. Obsessions are uninvited, repeated thoughts, images or impulses which are unwanted and cause distress. Compulsions are repeated behaviours that may seem to have reason and are usually carried out to prevent a feared event or situation from taking place. Examples of these are over checking, counting, ordering, excessive washing or cleaning.

Psycho education

Psycho education is information communicated with the intention of improving mental health and emotional well-being. This may be acted upon by individuals who put the advice and knowledge into practice to improve their mental health.


Relaxation methods are practiced with the aim of becoming free from stress, anxiety. and tension. Many activities are relaxing and some techniques can be used to attain a peaceful, calm, relaxed state in a focused way.


Self-help is a way that we can improve and develop ourselves by using self-help materials to enhance psychological well-being. Self-help may be guided by others but is an undertaking to do something ourselves to help us move forward towards our valued directions or goals.

Social phobia

Everyone feels socially anxious sometimes. However when this anxiety becomes a fear, of one or more, social or performance situations where a person is exposed to people they don’t know or to scrutiny by them, and they fear embarrassment or humiliation, then we call this social phobia. This often results in the avoidance of the situations or enduring them under intense anxiety. or distress.


We experience stress when we do not feel that we have enough resources to cope with the demands that we have to face or think we have to meet. Often this is when we have too many things to do and not enough time in which to do them!


A hypothesized frame of mind characterized by focused attention, distraction from extraneous stimuli, and absorption in a thought, image, feeling or activity. The role of trance in hypnosis and its very existence remains a subject of sharp controversy amongst researchers!


Well-being is often described as the state of feeling good and functioning well. It suggests that our mental health is well managed and may also be applied to our physical health.

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