Posture and movement

Posture is the position in which you hold your body upright against gravity while standing, sitting or lying down. Good posture involves training your body to stand, walk, sit and lie in positions where the least strain is placed on supporting muscles and ligaments during movement or weight-bearing activities. It keeps the bones and joints in correct alignment, which in turn reduces the stress and strain on soft tissues. It also prevents fatigue and overuse injuries. It helps maintain optimum health of the body and helps reduce wear and tear, especially on the joints, muscles, and ligaments. Many times, correct posture can result in less aches and pains. Proper posture requires normal motion in the joints, good soft tissue flexibility, strong and balanced postural muscles, and more importantly awareness of your own posture that leads to conscious correction.

Poor posture is the posture result from certain muscles tightening up or shortening while others lengthen and become weak which often occurs as a result of one's daily activities. There are different factors that can impact on posture and they include occupational activities and biomechanical factors such as force and repetition. Risk factors for poor posture also include psychosocial factors such as job stress and strain. Workers who have higher job stress are more likely to develop musculoskeletal disorders. It is a contributing factor to many symptoms and diseases. The most notable consequence is pain and discomfort, but it is also a factor in degenerative and chronic diseases.

Physiotherapy identifies and addresses the factors that are contributing to posture misalignment. This includes advice and education to maintain good posture. Treatment approaches focus in correcting muscle imbalances, joint tightness and stability. Awareness, behavioural changes and movement are fundamental to restore a neutral alignment.

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